The peer review process is a standard among academic science publishing. In this process, a researcher submits a paper to a prospective journal. If that paper is thought to be of interest to the journal, the journal sends the paper to two or three “peers” of the author for review. These “peers” are researchers of different departments that are familiar with the science being discovered and the techniques being used. These reviewers are typically competition to the author in that given niche field. These reviewers read the paper and send back comments and ask questions that need to be addressed in the paper. This review process can take months to complete, and sometimes the reviewers questions result in months more of research to address their concerns. The process in set in place to have a screening for new scientific research being published to try to improve validity of the publication.